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Biography for Arnold Schwarzenegger
23.04.2010, 10:58

           Birth name

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger

 

Nickname:  Arnie,  Austrian Oak,  Conan the Republican,  Styrian Oak,  The Governator

 

Height

6' 2" (1.88 m)

 

Mini biography

Growing up in a small, isolated village in Austria, he turned to bodybuilding as his ticket to a better life. Prior to that he served a mandatory one year in the Austrian military (beginning in 1965). After conquering the world as arguably the greatest bodybuilder who ever lived, he went to America to make his name in motion pictures. Hampered by his impossible name and thick accent, success eluded him for many years. It wasn't until he found the tailor-made role of Conan that he truly came into his own as a performer. A succession of over-the-top action films made him an international box office star. By alternating violent action films with lighter, comedic fare, he has solidified his position as one of the most popular - if not the most popular - movie stars in the world. After his long, and successful movie career, he ran in the California recall. He is now the Governor of California, yet again another celebrity to be elected to the position.

Trade mark

Frequent movie line "I'll be back"

Often has his character say comedic one liners that puncuate the action.

Many of his films have his characters doing feats of strength to match his muscular look, eg Commando (1985) where he is first seen in the film carrying a whole tree trunk on his shoulder.

Frequently has some type of action scene in bathrooms. (Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003), True Lies (1994) and Kindergarten Cop (1990)).

Trivia

Ranked #20 in Empire (UK) magazine's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list. [October 1997]

Fourth child, a boy, born. [27 September 1997]

Underwent heart surgery to correct a congenital heart valve condition. [April 1997]

Called by the Guinness Book of World Records, "the most perfectly developed man in the history of the world."

Noted fan of cigar smoking.

His voice in "Hercules" was dubbed.

Was part-owner of Planet Hollywood and Schatzi restaurants.

Advocate for the Republican party.

He reprised his Terminator character for the theme park attraction "T2-3D", a short film which uses an enhanced 3-D process that makes the film really appear to jump out at you.

His production company is 'Oak Productions'.

Became a US citizen. [1983]

His wife Maria is the niece of President John F. Kennedy and Senators Robert F. Kennedy and Ted Kennedy.

Graduated from University of Wisconsin-Superior with a major in international marketing of fitness and business administration. [1979]

Sold his Planet Hollywood stock off and is no longer a part owner of the chain. (2000)

The soccer stadium in Graz, Austria (his home town) is named after him.

Was considered for the title role in the 1970s TV series "The Incredible Hulk" (1978), but was reportedly deemed not tall enough. His former bodybuilding competitor, Lou Ferrigno, ultimately won the part.

After leaving Austria for the first time, he came to England to work, earning under £30 a week.

Received an Honorary Doctorate from his alma mater, the University of Wisconsin Superior, in 1996 in recognition of his charitable works.

Son-in-law of Sargent Shriver and Eunice Kennedy Shriver.

At his bodybuilding peak his chest was 57", waist 34", biceps 22", thighs 28½", calves 20", and his competition weight was 235 lbs (260 lbs off-season).

He and Warner Bros. agreed to postpone the release of Collateral Damage (2002) indefinitely in the wake of the September 11th terrorist attacks on America. The plot centers around a firefighter who lost his family in a terrorist bomb attack. [September 2001]

7 September 2001 - Sues International Game Technology for the unauthorized use of his voice and likeness in slot machine games. His lawyer told the press he was seeking $20 million in damages, which is the amount he believes he would have received had he approved the use.

Childhood friends stated that he often said his goals in life were to move to America, become an actor, and marry a Kennedy. He accomplished all three.

Son of a police officer.

Underwent a genioplasty -- a procedure in which his jaw has been moved back so that it no longer juts out.

Cousin-in-law of Christopher Lawford

Was the first private citizen in the U.S. to own a Humvee (High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle).

Lobbying in May 2002 to promote anti-juvenile delinquency initiative on California ballot that would commit the state to allocate $400 million for extracurricular activities and tutoring for students, kindergarten through ninth grade.

Received an honorary doctorate from Chapman University in Orange, California. [June 2002]

Franco Columbu was best man at Arnold's wedding.

Underwent surgery for a torn rotator cuff as a result of an injury on the set of Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003). Was in a sling for 3-4 weeks, but it was not expected to delay the completion of the movie. [29 January 2003]

Ranked #9 in Star TV's Top 10 Box Office Stars of the 1990s (2003)

The character Rainier Wolfecastle in "The Simpsons" (1989) is based on him.

Won Mr. Olympia title seven times (1970-1975, 1980).

James Cameron orginally wanted him for the role of Kyle Reese in The Terminator (1984), but when Arnold walked into the restaurant to meet Cameron about the role, Cameron took one look at him and said "You're a machine!" and that's why he got the role of The Terminator.

Announced his candidacy for the Governorship of California on "The Tonight Show with Jay Leno" (1992) on August 6, 2003.

Suffered a back injury (among other various assorted injuries) while filming Conan the Barbarian (1982) when the dogs who were chasing him jumped him from behind and he fell down the rock he was climbing to escape them.

In Demolition Man (1993), Sandra Bullock's character Lenina Huxley is telling Sylvester Stallone's character John Spartan about the Arnold Schwarzenegger Presidential Library, explaining that, based on the sheer popularity of Schwarzenegger's movies, a Constitutional amendment was passed in order for Schwarzenegger to run for President, which, according to Huxley, he did. In 2003, ten years after this film's release, Schwarzenegger ran for the office of Governor of California, and won the election on 7 October 2003. While Schwarzenegger is not eligible to run for the presidency by present laws (as a naturalized citizen, not a born citizen as required by the Constitution), most past presidents have been governors of their respective home states. Members of Congress are currently considering an amendment to the Constitution to allow foreign-born US citizens to be allowed to run for the Presidency, specifically with Schwarzenegger in mind.

Had one elder brother Meinherd (1946-1971).

His mother was Aurelia Jadrny (1922-1998) and his father was Gustav Schwarzenegger (1907-1972).

Children: Katherine Eunice (b. 1990), Christina Maria Aurelia (b. 1991), Patrick Arnold (b. 1993), Christopher Sargent Shriver (b. 1997)

Was elected Governor of California as a Republican on 7 October 2003.

Turned down the role of John McClane in Die Hard (1988). The role went to Bruce Willis instead.

TV Guide selected Arnold Schwarzenegger's announcement on "The Tonight Show with Jay Leno" (1992) to run for Governor of California as the greatest TV moment of 2003.

Said that filming the climatic fight at the end of Predator (1987) was made difficult by the fact that the late Kevin Peter Hall, who played the Predator, couldn't see through his mask.

Has the record for winning the most major bodybuilding events in history, 13 (1 Mr. Junior Western Europe, 7 Mr. Olympias, and 5 Mr. Universes).

After he had started lifting weights as a teenager, he noticed that his body was becoming disproportionate. His arms, shoulders and chest were developing nicely, but his calves and lower legs weren't coming along as he wanted. To motivate himself to work harder on his calves, he cut off all of his pants (trousers) at the knee. Walking around like that, people would look at (and maybe even laugh at) the big man with 'chicken' legs. It worked.

Cousin-in-law Christopher Lawford appears with him in The 6th Day (2000).

His father, Gustav Schwarzenegger, nicknamed him "Cinderella" as a child and his older brother, Meinherd, constantly picked on him growing up. Both men were killed while driving under the influence.

Is one of only two actors to appear in all three of the 'Terminator' films (_The Terminator (1984)_ , Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) and Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003)). The other is Earl Boen who portrayed the character of Dr. Peter Silberman in all three films.

Only the second governor in California's history to be born in a foreign country. John Downey, the 7th Governor of California, was born in Ireland and served from 1860- 1862.

Has his look-alike puppet in the French show _"Guignols de l'info, Les" (1988)_ .

Went AWOL from the Austrian army to enter his first bodybuilding contest.

Stumped for President George W. Bush the weekend before his re-election in Ohio, as Schwarzenegger has always had a strong relationship with Ohio.

He was voted the 53rd Greatest Movie Star of all time by Entertainment Weekly.

Has played a character who died in only four of his films: The Terminator (1984), Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), End of Days (1999) and Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003).

Was considered for the role of the gentle giant Fezzik in the 1970s when William Goldman's book "The Princess Bride" was being discussed for a film adaptation.

Had his first romantic scene in a movie with actress Sandahl Bergman, in Conan the Barbarian (1982).

Is good friends with fellow bodybuilder Sven-Ole Thorsen.

Turned down a request to reprise his Conan character in Kull the Conqueror (1997) (originally titled "Conan the Conqueror"). Also, he was supposed to play Conan in Red Sonja (1985), though ultimately, a new character was created who was essentially Conan in everything but name.

Is the only person to receive Razzie nominations for Worst Actor, Worst Supporting Actor and Worst Screen Couple (with himself cloned) in the same year. All for the same movie, The 6th Day (2000).

In German, the word "schwarzen" means "black", and "egger" means "ploughman". So "Schwarzenegger" is "Black Ploughman".

His life strangely mirrors the life of Conan from Conan the Barbarian (1982). Conan was born in a small village and grew up to be a physically powerful man from years of slavery. After winning great fame as a gladiator, he is given to wine and women, but later rejects this hedonistic lifestyle and goes on to perform great heroic feats, and eventually he is crowned king. Arnold was born in a small Austrian town and took up weightlifting as he got older. After achieving success as a bodybuilder, he indulged in drug abuse and womanizing, but he later rejected this and went on to become a vocal supporter of social causes, and was eventually elected governor of California.

Performed many of his own stunts in his films, owing largely to the fact that it was hard to find stunt doubles who matched his size. Billy D. Lucas, Joel Kramer and Peter Kent eventually became his personal stunt doubles and close friends.

His famous line "I'll be back", which originated from The Terminator (1984), was originally written as "I'll come back".

Initially refused to star in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003) because James Cameron, who created the character and directed the first two films, would not be directing the third installment. Arnold tried to persuade Cameron to do the third film but Cameron declined and, feeling that the Terminator character was as much Arnold's as it was his own, Cameron advised Arnold to just do the third film and ask for a lot of money.

While filming the behind the scenes documentary for the special edition DVD of Conan the Barbarian (1982), the microphone hit him in the head at the end of the interview, to which he immediately joked "You see, I can't even do an interview about Conan without getting hurt".

Addressed the Republican National Convention in 2004.

The etymology for Arnold is "Eagle Power"

Grew up in a house that had no phone, no fridge and no toilet.

Was engaged to Brigitte Nielsen [1985]

Was the spokesperson for Japanese DirecTV, a competitor to Quentin Tarantino's endorsed local satellite TV operator SkyperfecTV.

Was considered for the role of Flash Gordon in the 1980 film. The part eventually went to Sam J. Jones instead.

Sandahl Bergman was the first actress he ever did a love scene with. He was also the first actor she ever did a love scene with.

While filming the movie "Predator" became close friends with co-star Jesse Ventura.

 

Категория: рефераты | Добавил: Kseniya | Теги: Schwarzenegger, Arnold, For, английском, На, языке, реферат, Biography
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